Austism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Autism also known as ASD is a developmental disorder that affects communication and behavior.
Although ASD can be diagnosed at any age, it is said to be a developmental disorder because symptoms generally appears in the first two years of life.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS.
(There are two major signs though so the ones I’m going to list is going to come under each of them)
- SOCIAL COMMUNICATION/INTERACTION BEHAVIOR
- Lack of eye contact. (They make little or no eye contact with people ie they can maintain eye contact with people for a long period of time.)
- Low attention span (they tend to loose focus easily. They are easily distracted. And they don’t really listen to people or look at them).
- Inability to start and finish a conversation ( ie they initiate a conversation even when the conversation is initiated by another person they don’t know when to stop or how to end the conversation).
- Inability to share enjoyment of objects or activities by pointing or showing things to others.
- Lack of response from them
2. REPITITIVE/RESTRICTIVE BEHAVIORS.
Echolalia (repeating words or phrases)
Throwing tantrums (getting upset by a slight change in their routine/way of life/basically the way they do their things everyday.
Having overly focused interests.
Lack of sensation ie they are mostly insensitive to pain, temperature, light, noise and clothing.
Inability to sleep
Inability to retain information.
The cause is idiopathic that is, it is unknown. But scientist are still trying to understand why some people develop ASD and some people doesn’t.
RISK FACTORS INCLUDE:
Having a older sibling with ASD
Having older parents
Very low birth weight
Having certain genetic conditions eg down syndrome, fragile x syndrome & Rett Syndrome.
ASD has types too but I don’t think it’s important though because it is autism that is more common amongst.
It is called autism SPECTRUM disorder because of the types
They are two too
Medical TREATMENTS and therapies/ management
Doctors use med to treat some of the symptoms that are common with ASD. With all those meds, people with ASD may have fewer problems with:
Anxiety and depression